One of every three teenagers globally is at the danger of lifestyle diseases, for example, diabetes and cancer, with low fruit and vegetable intake, and physical inactivity as the most prominent hazard factors, as indicated by an investigation. The investigation, published in the journal Preventive Medicine, is the biggest global research of the significant lifestyle hazard factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in adolescents.
The specialists from the University of Queensland in Australia analyzed the World Health Organization (WHO) information from 304,779 students matured 11-17 years from 89 nations. They found that 35 percent of adolescents had at least three-lifestyle hazard factors.
As per Asad Khan, Associate Professor at the University of Queensland, various hazard factors improve the probability of poor health. “NCDs, such as cardiovascular and chronic respiratory diseases, type 2 diabetes and cancers, are the leading causes of poor health and premature death, accounting for seven out of 10 deaths globally each year,” Khan said.
“Low fruit and vegetable intake, and physical inactivity were the most prominent lifestyle risk factors for NCDs among adolescents (86 percent and 85 percent, respectively),” he said. The specialists said overall, boys revealed more lifestyle hazard factors than girls.
Adolescents in the American region had the highest rate of hazard factors 56 percent of American adolescents had at least three hazard factors, contrasted with 45 percent for the Western Pacific region, they said. “Smoking, alcohol, physical inactivity and unhealthy diet clustered in males, while physical inactivity, sedentary behavior and poor diet clustered in females,” Khan said.
He said smoking and alcohol were combined together in both genders over all regions. Khan said the discoveries are of specific worry, as the antecedents of NCDs are frequently showed during childhood. “Many of these behaviors acquired during adolescence tend to remain in adulthood, and exposure to each additional risk factor increases the future risk of poor health and premature death,” Khan said.
“Early gender-specific prevention strategies targeting clusters of modifiable risk factors, customized for WHO regions, should be prioritized to help mitigate the current and future burden of non-communicable diseases globally,” he said.
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